Levels of Divine Names and Their Relation with Principles of Ibn 'Arabi's Philosophy of Unity of Existence (waḥdat al-wujūd)

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

* Assistant professor, Department of English literature, University of Khorram Abad, Lorestan, Iran

Abstract

This article aims at investigating the Divine Names and their relation with fundamental principles of Ibn 'Arabi's philosophy of unity of existence (waḥdat al-wujūd). To do so, the primary texts, written by Ibn 'Arabi and the secondary texts interpreting his works were meticulously studied. The analysis of the content in the fore-mentioned sources revealed that there is a existential relation between fundamental principles of Ibn 'Arabi's philosophy of unity of existence (waḥdat al-wujūd) and the Divine Names. In other words, the concepts of "manifestation", "mercy", and "creation"from God, are actualized through Divine Names. Moreover, based on the findings of this research, in Ibn 'Arabi's perspective, the Divine Names are countless and graded. The most exalted Divine Name is "Allah" which is one, just like the Divine Essence. The most significant the greatest names are derived from "Allah". The names derived from Allah are in the inferior existential level than Allah and as agents (Sadaneh) make the creation of material world possible. From another angel, all Divine Names are gathered in perfect human and human is considered as a mirror in which Divine names are reflected. In this article, each of these mystical and existential concepts are thouroughly explained and the relation between each concept and the Divine Names is illustrated.          

Keywords


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