A Comparative Study of the Stages of Formation and Emergence of Abbasid and Ismaili Invitation Organizations

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Education, Islamic Azad University, Behbahan Branch, Behbahan, Iran

Abstract

The Abbasids and Ismailis, relying on their family background and being Hashemites, organizational goals, as well as the favorable conditions that arose for them, succeeded in forming a secret organization in different historical circumstances. They gradually operated in different parts of the Islamic lands and used preachers (missionaries) to expand their invitation organization. By comparing these two invitation organizations, a better historical judgment of their performance is possible. The main question of this article is: What are the commonalities and differences between the two invitation organizations in their formation and emergence? In order to form the invitation organization, the Abbasids claimed the transfer of Abu Hashem's invitation organization to themselves, and the Ismailis also claimed the appointed Imamate of Ismail and his son Mohammad ibn Ismail as the Imams after Imam Sadegh (AS). Efforts to achieve the goals, pressure and oppression of the governments of the time, the activities of rival groups, the existence of favorable grounds, the need to communicate with followers and the collection of financial resources are the factors that gave rise to the two organizations.

Keywords


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