Investigating the Attributing the Theory of Deputyship (Niyabat) to Mo'tazelite

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Assistant professor, Department of philosophy and theology, Shahid Motahhari High School and University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant professor, Department of Islamic philosophy and wisdom, Shahid Madani University, Azarbayejan, Iran

Abstract

Of the significant issues regarding knowing God is quality of the relation between the essence and the attributes of God. During the history, Muslim theoligians and philisophers have expressed various views regarding this. The most paramount ones include: denial of the attributes of the essence, objectivity of the essence and the attributes, the multiplicity of the attributes on the essence, representation of the essence of the attributes and the theory of the circumstances. Majority of the Shi'ite scholars have attributed the theory of " representation of the essence of the attributes" to the Mo'tazelite. Gathering various reports from Shi'ite scholars and authors of the Sects and Creed books, this article tends to investigate the history and the quality of attributing such theory to the Mo'tazelite. Having analyzed the history and refered to the writings of the Ma'tazelite scholars, one can come to this conclusion that attributing the Deputyship (Niyabat) theory to them is worng and theis theory ought to be considered as a different recitation of the theory of " objectivity of the essence and the attributes" or categorized under the theory of  " denial of the attributes of the essence" not an independent theory. 

Keywords


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