Journey to God "Ascending Intuitive Creature" from the Perspective of Seyyed Heydar Amoli

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in Islamic Sufism and Mysticism, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Faculty of Theology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Persian Language and Literature, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Mysticism and Thoughts of Imam Khomeini, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran


Mystics have organized the ways and levels of the journey and closeness to God the Almighty in the form of three general categories: ascetic-pious, romantic-scholarly, and mystical-romantic. From another point of view, the followers of Ibn Arabi School have divided the journey to God into two types: A. Indirect journey through hierarchy; B. Direct journey through a special face. Seyyed Heydar Amoli, as one of the followers and commentators of the mystical school of Ibn Arabi who has a Shiite approach, believes that among the mentioned methods, "The journey based on the divine passions", which in other words is called "beloved journey", is the easiest and closest way towards God. He has used the mystical literature of Ibn Arabi School in depicting mystical maghamat (stations) and manzel (destinations). According to him, this type of spiritual journey and its levels are related to the levels of facial and spiritual revelation. This journey eventually leads to the station of "Aw Adna" and spiritual revelation in the station of "Akhfa" which is beyond description. Examining the path of Seyyed Heydar Amoli in spiritual journey, in addition to providing us with a more accurate account of Ibn Arabi's journey path, will introduce us one of the journey paths confirmed by Shiite texts and beliefs. In this article, the data are collected based on library research and are analyzed by descriptive-analytical method.


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