Ontology in Ibn Arabi School

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 PhD Student in Islamic Sufism and Mysticism, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran

2 Professor of Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism, Research Institute of Iranian Wisdom and Philosophy, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Sufism and Islamic Mysticism, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran

4 Level Four of Seminary, Qom, Iran

Abstract

Although the concept of "being" is known, and its nature is the same, there are different views on it. Ibn Arabi's view on the issue has a different and special place. Ontology in his school is tied to another fundamental issue called the "personal unity of being", without understanding which, it is difficult to achieve the ontological system of this great mystic. Therefore, we have tried to seek his opinion about "being" directly by relying on his two important books, Fotuhat and Fosus. According to Ibn Arabi, there is a single being in the universe, and that is the Almighty, and the rest of the beings are manifestations, or in other words, the names and attributes of God.

Keywords


The Holy Quran.
Amininejad, Ali. 2013. Mabani Erfan Islami (Fundamentals of Islamic Mysticism), Qom: Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute. [in Farsi]
Gheysari Rumi, Mohammad Dawud. 1996. Sharh Fosus al-Hekam, Prepared by Seyyed Jalal al-Din Ashtiyani, Tehran: Scientific & Cultural, First Edition. [in Arabic]
Hasanzadeh Amoli, Hasan. 1999. Momed al-Hemam dar Sharh Fosus al-Hekam, Tehran: Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, First Edition. [in Arabic]
Ibn Arabi, Mohyi al-Din Mohammad. 2007. Fosus al-Hekam, Translated by Mohammad Khajawi, Tehran: Mola. [in Farsi]
Ibn Arabi, Mohyi al-Din. 1992. Fosus al-Hekam, Tehran: Al-Zahra (S), Second Edition. [in Arabic]
Ibn Arabi, Mohyi al-Din. n.d. Al-Fotuhat al-Makkiyah (Meccan Openings), Beirut: Sader Institute. [in Arabic]
Jami, Abd al-Rahman. 2004. Ashaah al-Lamaat (Radiance of Rays), Researched by Hadi Rastegar, Qom: Book Garden. [in Arabic]
Moallemi, Hasan. 2009. Erfan Nazari (Theoretical Mysticism), Qom: Hajar. [in Farsi]
Mostafawi, Hasan. 1989. Al-Tahghigh fi Kalemat al-Quran al-Karim (Research in the Terms of the Holy Quran), Tehran: Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, vol. 13. [in Arabic]
Yazdanpanah, Seyyed Yadollah. 2014. Mabani wa Osul Erfan Nazari (Fundamentals and Principles of Theoretical Mysticism), Qom: Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute. [in Farsi]
Zarrinkub, Abd al-Hoseyn. 2016. Arzesh Mirath Sufiyeh (The Value of Sofia Heritage), Tehran: Amir Kabir, 18th Edition. [in Farsi]