Analysis of Abu al-Hasan Shazeli's Critical Thoughts and Shazeli Order

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in Islamic Sufism and Mysticism, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Wisdom, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazwin, Iran,

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Mysticism, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran,.


The Shazeli order is the title of one of the Sufi orders founded by Abu al-Hasan Shazeli (593-655 AH). By establishing his school of thought, Abu al-Hasan sought to bring about a fundamental change in the Sufism of his time. He was critical of the method and logic of Sufis living in his day. Issues such as austerity, dignity, hearing, religiosity and sharia in the journey to God, occupation, and dress of the Sufis had the greatest share in his criticisms. He began to correct these matters by proposing a new way of journey to God, called the "way of thanksgiving". After Abu al-Hasan al-Shazeli, Abu al-Abbas Morsi, the caliph and his first-level student, Ibn Ataullah Sekandari, Ibn Ajibah, and Ahmad al-Zarugh, played the most important role in disseminating Shazeliyah. Today, this school of thought has been able to attract millions of Muslims and is very exhilarating. The present research, by studying Abu al-Hasan Shazeli's works and ideas related to the journey to God, has analyzed his beliefs and explored his mystical principles and foundations. Therefore, the love of God, solitude in the journey, the necessity of a sheikh and a mentor, remembrance of God and guardianship should be considered as the five principles of the journey to God in the Shazeli school of thought. 


Main Subjects

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