Peace with Infidels Who Are not People of the Book from the Viewpoint of the Jurists of Islamic Denominations

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in Comparative Law and Jurisprudence, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Quranic Sciences Encyclopedias, Research Institute of Islamic Sciences and Culture, Qom, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Comparative Law and Jurisprudence, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran


Peace and tranquility among humans are two of the ideal teachings of Islam which are emphasized in religious doctrines. Still, considering the current situation between Muslims and infidels who are not people of the book, as for a peace treaty between them, there are two maximal and moderate views among the jurists of Islamic schools of thought. The early scholars consider jihad with infidels who are not people of the book to be obligatory until they convert to Islam or are killed. They do not allow the conclusion of a cease-fire agreement with them except in case of necessity. But some of the later scholars consider it permissible to fight only with infidels who are sedition seekers, aggressors, and treaty breakers and believe that it is permissible to make peace or remain on a compromise agreement with non-seditious infidels and non-treaty violators who want peace and a peaceful life with Muslims. The latter view is more consistent with the totality of Islamic teachings. Therefore, in this research, while presenting the reasons for the former view and its criticisms, the latter view has been proven by citing several reasons from the Quran, hadiths, and traditions.


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