عنوان مقاله [English]
In this study, the neo Mu'tazila and the Mu'tazila were analyzed in the historicity of the text and the Quran and the teachings of religion in order to access the points of sharing and differentiate the two intellectual processes. Neo Mu'tazila believe that the text or Qur'an is a cultural and historical product that is influenced by the culture of the age of decline, and is not a message to the public in other ages. They consider the existence of the relationship between the Qur'an and the culture of the time, the Maki and Madani verses, the Asbabalnozul verses, the anasikh and mansukh verses, the history of some of the teachings of the Quran in the field of jurisprudence and Sharia. In contrast, the Mu'tazila, because of the belief in the inability of reason to achieve audiovisual duties, by rejecting the history of the Qur'an, considers the expression of judgments as the necessity of revelation as a philosophy, their main approach is to accept verses and decrees to express the Quran and the Sunnah.