عنوان مقاله [English]
Peace and tranquility among humans is one of the most ideal teachings of Islam, which has been emphasized in religious teachings, But according to the ruling conditions between Muslims and non-members of the non-members of the book, there are two major and moderate views among the jurisprudents of the Islamic faiths regarding the conclusion of a peace treaty between them.
The former scholars of Jihad do not accept the non-books of infidels until they are accepted by Islam or are obliged to kill them and to conclude a covenant of quarrels, except in cases of necessity, they are not permissible. But some of the recent Jihad are only allowed with infidels and inhumanity and violators of the treaty, and believe that peace or staying on a covenant of reconciliation with non-seditious unbelievers and violators of the treaty, which seeks peace and peaceful life with Muslims, are permissible. Is. The recent view is more consistent with the total Islamic teachings. Therefore, in this research, while outlining the reasons for the first point of view and their critique, the recent view has been proved by various reasons from the Qur'an, the narratives and the Sīra .