نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه فلسفه و کلام اسلامی، دانشگاه ولی عصر(عج) رفسنجان
2 استاد گروه فلسفه و کلام اسلامی، دانشگاه ولی عصر (عج) رفسنجان.
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most beneficial and effective ways for the teacher trainers and Muslim scholars is the affection and kindness. Ibn Miskawayh and Ibn-Hazm, two contemporary thinkers of the fourth century, in their philosophy of education, have psychologically analyzed the nature, types, dimensions and components of kindness. In the moral thought of Ibn Miskawayh, the principle of affection is introduced as a general title for the expression of the inherent human talent in having communication and solidarity of individuals. Friendship has a social color and is a branch of justice and superior to it. Both thinkers, in spite of believing in various degrees and kinds of affection and emotional states of lover, differ over this issue: Ibn-Miskawayh has referred to the highest affection order as “love”, which is just for God and the result of divine indulgence. On the other hand, although Ibn Hazm mentions the supreme affection as "love", which perishes with death, he considers it “terrestrial” and views it as a type of love of those who love just for the sake of the glorious God. In other words, love for Ibn Miskawayh is “terrestrial” while for Ibn-Hazm it is “celestial.”